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Report on Israeli Violations of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Al-Khan Al-Ahmar: (41) families facing forced displacement from their village

Despite the harsh life of the "Red Khan" Bedouins of East Jerusalem, the residents of the community face an Israeli plan to deport them to the Nuweima area near Jericho, in an attempt to implement the large settlement plan known as E1 to link the settlement of Ma'ale Adumim with occupied Jerusalem and expand the city’s borders limits against the Palestinians settlement.
There are 41 Palestinian families in the Bedouin community, from which the residents came from the Desert of the Negev in 1953. They continued to live in conditions that lacked the most basic elements of life until Israel decided to expel them more than 10 years ago.
Bedouins in the region have been facing a peaceful confrontation since 2009 against previous demolition orders, but the Israeli High Court of Justice rejected their petition at the end of May and supported the demolition, giving the state the freedom to choose the timing of implementation.

There are talks about the deportation of 200 Bedouins from their lands and hundreds of students from nearby communities have been prevented from taking advantage of the school built in the village years ago.

What the occupation forces are committing today against the Al-Khan Al-Ahmar is added to the series of crimes of the occupation against international law, which prohibits the occupying power from destroying the property of the citizens, displacing them and attacking their properties whether by confiscation, destruction or destruction, in order to allow for the expansion of illegal colonial construction in Occupied East Jerusalem, further proof that the Israeli Government enjoys immunity from accountability and impunity and ignores all international norms and laws in the absence of clear legal liability by the international community.

The failure of the international community to fulfill its responsibilities and obligations under international law, particularly with respect and ensure respect and observance of international law in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, encourages Israel to commit such criminal acts. in addition, the illegal Israeli actions against the Al-Khan Al-Ahmar will cut off Jerusalem from its natural Palestinian environment by continuing the illegal transfer of tens of thousands of colonized settlers to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and approving the establishment of hundreds of settlement units Colonialism in flagrant violation of international law, particularly international humanitarian law.

The Israeli plan to demolish the Al- Khan Al-Ahmar and deport its inhabitants is completely contrary to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and is contrary to the principles and rules of international law and the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This crime is not the first of this type committed by Israel, More than 500 Palestinian villages, and displaced their people during the Nakba in 1948

Return marches on the eastern border of the Gaza Strip

Israeli occupation forces have stepped up their targeting of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip, especially the participants in the peaceful marches along the eastern border of the Gaza Strip during the Great Return march, where excessive and lethal force was used and deliberately inflicted harm on the children, women and young people participating in the marches, as well as medical staff and journalists. Killing 204 citizens of peaceful marches along the eastern border of the Gaza Strip, and the injury of thousands of citizens, accompanied by all this with the presence of intensive and unprecedented for the occupation forces along the border strip adjacent to the Gaza Strip, and in the military sites surrounding the region, and the intensive use of helicopter air and reconnaissance aircraft that did not leave the skies of the Gaza Strip, the Israeli occupation forces also fired live ammunition, rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters at peaceful demonstrators, who were targeted by the Israeli occupation forces by firing at them in the upper parts of the body. Scores of injuries were recorded in the head and chest, Palestinian conflict, and the candidate for death.
Occupation Forces also targeted ambulances, medical personnel and medical points near the border strip in the Gaza Strip, preventing them from advancing towards the injured and save them, it is noteworthy that there were casualties among the medical staff, and was targeting the press crews directly and caused injuries in their ranks.

Mentioned that the Israeli occupation forces killed on Friday, 7 Palestinians, including two children, while wounded more than 500 others, including injuries to bullets and the occupation gas.

Since 30 March, Palestinians have participated in peaceful marches near the fence separating Gaza from the occupied Palestinian territories in 1948 to demand the return of the refugees to their towns and villages they fled in 1948 and to break the siege on Gaza.
The occupation authorities are holding the bodies of 10 martyrs, and were not recorded in the statements of the Palestinian Ministry of Health, while 22 thousand others, including 400 in the case of serious danger.

Violations against Al-Aqsa

The Israeli occupation forces continue their violations of the rules of international and humanitarian law in the occupied city of Jerusalem. Last month witnessed the Israeli and extreme intransigence in violating the sanctity of Al-Aqsa Mosque by allowing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to the Knesset members to storm Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Israeli occupation forces planned the “ Israeli army tunnel” to extend a tunnel extending from the door of Hebron to Bab al-Amud in the Old City.

The incursion into Al-Aqsa Mosque by the settlers continues. 1336 settlers stormed the Al-Aqsa Mosque in memory of the "destruction of the temple", not to mention the daily intrusions of the mosque's palaces and chapels under the protection of the Israeli police, the ongoing Israeli violations of the Al-Aqsa Mosque are as follows:

• The occupation closed the door of the Moroccans after the storming of the settlers of the palaces of the Al-Aqsa Mosque to perform prayers in the cemetery of Bab al-Rahma adjacent to the mosque.
• The occupation intelligence stormed the Dome of the Rock mosque and attacked the worshipers inside.
• The occupation has stepped up its campaign against the workers in Al-Aqsa called a guard to investigate.
• Exploration of Jewish excavations under the Islamic Museum in Al-Aqsa Mosque.
• The Israeli occupation police prevented the head of the Aqsa Academy for Waqf and Heritage Sheikh Najih Bakirat from entering Al-Aqsa.
• A stone collapse in the Al-Aqsa Mosque wall caused by the Israeli excavations and the transfer of the occupation to an unknown location.
• The occupation began installing surveillance cameras in the town of Silwan, south of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
• The occupation reserved the cards of all worshipers during their entry to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and attacked the Almoravid in Bab al-Rahma.
• The closure of the occupation of the doors of the tribal mosque with iron chains and the assault and detention of worshipers.
• A new settlement project in the town of Silwan, south of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, under the name "Center for the Heritage of the Jews of Yemen".
• The occupation forces of Jerusalem, Nafisa Khois and Ayeda al-Sidawi, removed the Al-Aqsa Mosque for two weeks.
• The occupation forces the citizen Samah al-Ghazzawi from Al-Aqsa Mosque for 15 days.
• The arrest of a child from al-Aqsa Mosque to raise the Palestinian flag against the settlers.

Crimes of Dredging and Demolition

• The occupation demolishes a commercial facility in Silwan, south of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
• The occupation forces the Palestinian family of Jamal Hadia to demolish their house in Jerusalem under the pretext of non-authorization.
• The Israeli occupation authorities forced the families of Shuwamra and Abu Rumaila to demolish their homes in al-Ashqariya area in Beit Hanina neighborhood, north of occupied Jerusalem, after the decision of the Israeli occupation court that the land on which the homes of the families belong to settlers.

Judaization in the city

• Disclosing plans to build 1080 settlement units in the "Pisgat Ze'ev" settlement in occupied Jerusalem.
• The occupation continues to cut off water from neighborhoods in the Shu'fat refugee camp in the center of occupied Jerusalem.
• The occupation arrested 17 Jerusalemites, including 5 children from the town of Silwan south of Al Aqsa Mosque, and Jerusalemites of Al-Saadia neighborhood in Old Jerusalem after beating them.
• The Israeli occupation forces arrest a Palestinian child at the military checkpoint near the entrance to the Shu'fat refugee camp in central Jerusalem.
• The occupation withdraws from the Jerusalem family Atallah in the Old City.
• The Israeli occupation forces attacked the citizens, journalists and solidarity activists in the Al Khan Al- Ahmar Collection.
• Israeli occupying forces moved into al-Bustan neighborhood in the town of Silwan, south of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
• The occupation has approved the construction of settlement buildings in "Silwan" south of Al Aqsa Mosque.
• A member of the "Knesset" (Sheran Haskel) stormed the Al Aqsa Mosque on the side of the Magrabi Gate with a heavy guard of the special forces of the occupation in a provocative tour around the mosque accompanied by a group of settlers.
• The Minister of Agriculture of the occupation government, extremist "Yuri Aryeil" stormed the Aqsa Mosque at the head of a group of settlers in their traditional Talmudic dress, and carried out provocative tours in the mosque.
• Knesset members Yehuda Glick, Shuli Maalem, and Elie Zuhr stormed the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
• Demolition of the occupation of a shop and agricultural nursery in the town of Hizma, north of occupied Jerusalem.


The occupation authorities provide protection for settler encroachments and new laws
devotes the policy of creeping annexation


The Israeli occupation government continues its measures to change the situation in the occupied West Bank as part of its creeping annexation policy and its relentless attempts to apply Israeli law to the settlements. The so-called "Central Command" recently ratified the enactment of two agricultural laws Contrary to the law in the Palestinian territories occupied since June 1967.
At the same time, Israeli Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked continues to stress the political plan adopted by her party, the Jewish Home, to annex Area C, which constitutes 60 percent of the West Bank to Israel, and to destroy the two-state solution. Israel was capable of absorbing 100,000 Palestinians, residents of Area C, and granting them Israeli citizenship. This is in line with statements made by Education Minister Naftali Bennett, who has already called for the annexation of these areas, which are witnessing increasing settlement and expansion of Israeli settlements in this area, where about 100,000 Palestinians live. Israeli Minister of Economy and Industry Eli Cohen said that the settlements in the West Bank would not stop and that the current government was continuing to build on the largest scale in the West Bank. His remarks came during the inauguration of an industrial zone of the Kiryat Arba settlement in Hebron, represents a strong message to those who dream of stopping settlement. "

While the Israeli occupation government is trying in various ways to consecrate the occupation and settlement and the latest innovation is the decision of the Minister of Social Equality, Gila Gamliel of the Likud, NIS 1.5 million was allocated from the budget of its Ministry for a project aimed at improving the image of settlements and settlers Gamliel’s project includes a video document of the founders of the settlement project and the statements of hundreds of settlers who participated in this project and presented it to the public. They claim that the project is a preliminary systematic governmental documentation of the settlement project and described it as "another step towards sovereignty".

On the ground, settlement and Judaization projects continued where the Minister of the Israeli army, Avigdor Lieberman confirmed that he will submit to the Council of Ministers, a plan to build 31 new settlement units in Hebron. Lieberman said in a tweet on his Twitter page: The plan includes what was recently approved by the planning institutions, including the construction of new homes, kindergartens, public places, while the Israeli occupation authorities approved the addition of 8 new settlement units in the settlement "Majdal Oz" near the town of Beit Fajjar, south of Bethlehem, the official in charge of the infrastructure in the so-called Civil Administration, the executive arm of the occupation army in the West Bank, "Mali Miri," ordered the amendment of the jurisdiction of the settlement "Amihai" south-east of Nablus, three times the current area to legitimize the focus of "Uday" adjacent to it and annex to the settlement, "Amihai" Where the village council of Jalud received a copy of a letter sent to Attorney Shlomi Zacharia from Yesh Din, representing the Supreme Court, stating that "the Civil Administration intends to amend the boundaries of the Municipality of" Amihai ".
In the Salfit governorate, the Israeli occupation authorities handed over the municipality of Al-Zawia west of Salfit a military decision to seize more than 8 dunums of the village's land in the area called "Sarsia-Majin Dan" for military purposes. It is noteworthy that about two months ago, the occupation authorities also announced the seizure of the western lands of the town of Zawia within the basin number "4" in the sites of "Wad Najafat" and "Khayal al-Kisabra" and Khallet Hamad, an area between 140 - 177 dunums, for the establishment of a new cemetery for settlers .

In Jerusalem, the Israeli municipality plans to build 10 parking towers near the Old City, where building permits were issued last week for the company "Aden", allowing the construction of six towers near Bab al-Amud and four near Bab al-Nabi Dawood. Bab Al-Amud leads to historical markets and religious places, especially Al Aqsa Mosque and the Church of the Resurrection, while the door of the Prophet David leads to the Jewish Quarter. That "dozens of additional towers are planned throughout the city." The tower is 15 to 17 meters tall and can accommodate 12 cars each.

Under the protection of the occupying forces, Aisha Mohammed Radhi (45 years old) from the town of Bidya, west of Salfit, was killed by settlers near the Za'tara checkpoint south of Nablus. Her husband was injured when their vehicle was attacked with stones. She was critically wounded in the head when settlers threw stones at the vehicle she and her husband were traveling near the Za'tara checkpoint.
On the other hand, the Israeli government's plan known as 2050 to link the occupied East Jerusalem with the settlements of the Ghor in Tel Aviv and the Palestinian interior is becoming clearer and clearer, the plan calls for the establishment of a network of railways and wide streets connecting Jerusalem with an airport that the Israeli occupation authorities intend to build in Al-Buqai'a (the Prophet Musa) and the Dead Sea area. The plan is one of the largest Israeli plans in Israel, where it is expected to receive 12 million tourists and 35 million passengers after completion of the project. The central objective of the plan is to expand the settlements established in this area and to swallow the Ghor area as a barrier to any normal Palestinian expansion through a network of large and light railways, wide roads, economic and tourism projects with all the attendant ethnic cleansing of Bedouin communities stretching between Ma'aleh Edomim and the Jordan Valley.

Recommendations and demands:

Therefore, the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law calls on the international community to act urgently and effectively to stop the violations of the occupation forces, to work for the implementation of justice in the occupied Palestinian territories, to provide international protection to the civilian population, to work to end the siege and to enable the Palestinian people to exercise their inherent right to self-determination.

The organization demands that the Israeli occupation authorities be bound by the Fourth Geneva Convention, stressing that the crimes committed against unarmed civilians are war crimes that require international trial.

The organization stresses that the continuation of "Israel" in this approach is contrary to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Fourth Geneva Convention and constitute what it exercises war crimes. Therefore, the organization calls on the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to open an official investigation into these crimes, in order to prosecute and hold accountable all those involved in the issuance of decisions in the occupation army at the political and security level and those who carried them out.

The Organization further affirms that the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention have a legal obligation under article 1 of the Convention, under which they undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the Convention in all circumstances, as well as its obligations under article 146 of the Convention to prosecute those accused of committing serious violations of the Convention.

Note: the report was prepared by the Committee for Research and Documentation of Violations of the Organization.

International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
Central Information Authority
Norway on 17/10/2018



The International Organization for Human Rights and International Law was established on 10 December 2016 as the "the International Network for Human Rights Monitoring". On February 20, 2018, its constituent body met and the name was amended and re-published on behalf of the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law. In the Kingdom of Norway under No. Org Nr 917987025, an international non-governmental, non-political, non-partisan, non-profit organization concerned with the protection, promotion and defense of human rights.