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On the occasion of the International Day of the Girl, a cycle of challenges - and tragic realities that must be addressed

The world celebrated on Thursday the International Day of the Girl, or the International Day of the Girl Child, an international celebration declared by the United Nations on October 11 each year, to support basic priorities for the protection of the rights of girls and to provide more opportunities for a better life. , And to increase awareness of the inequality faced by girls around the world on the basis of gender.

The International Girl's Day was officially proposed by Canada to the General Assembly of the United Nations. On 19 December 2011, the General Assembly approved the adoption of 11/10/2012 as the start of the International Day of the Girl.

The Global Day for Girls focuses, in general, on disparity and inequality in dealing with girls, covering such areas as the right to education, nutrition, legal rights, health and medical care, protection from discrimination and violence, the right to work, the right to marry after admission, on marriage of minors and early marriage.

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), launched a logo for "International Women's Day 2018" is an "initiative: to vaccinate the skilled female labor force with the participation of girls", they pointed out that there are challenges facing the generation of girls today to join the world of work, which is starting to shift to innovation, while the demand for skilled and skilled workers is increasing, pointing out that almost a quarter of young people - most of them females - are currently unemployed or outside the field of education or training.
A UNICEF report said that "of the 1 billion young men and women, including 600 million teenage girls, who will join the workforce in the next decade, more than 90% of those living in developing countries will work in the informal sector in unregulated or protected jobs where low wages or lack of wages, abuse and exploitation are rampant. Even most disadvantaged girls, including those living in rural areas with disabilities have less opportunities to decent work ".

According to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF): The number of young girls in the world reached 1.1 billion, of which 62 million children do not go to school, and 16 million others are at risk of continuing their education.

UNICEF explained that one out of seven girls between the ages of 15 and 19 is subjected to forced marriage worldwide, while in developing countries it is one out of every three girls who marry before they turn 18.

Based on the above, the point of "International Girl Day" highlights the need to address the challenges faced by girls, to ensure safe life ... not only in adolescence and formative years of their age, but also in their maturation to become women. Therefore, the process of investing in the empowerment of adolescents and adherence to their rights today will return to a more just and prosperous future.

However, there has been insufficient investment in addressing the challenges faced by girls when entering the second decade of their lives, which includes access to high quality secondary education, to the question of receiving information and services relating to puberty, reproductive health, protection against unwanted pregnancy Sexually transmitted diseases and gender-based violence.
In a report published by the United Nations in 2015 about early marriage, its statistics were as follows:

More than 700 million women are married before the age of 18, and the chances of early marriage for the poor are two and a half times higher for the rich.

Apart from what we have reported, the tragic facts that have been observed for years can contribute to saving the remaining girls before it is too late to raise awareness among societies about how to claim their right and freedom. The gap created by the culture of different communities has led to more than their exploitation, oppression, and even murder. There are also 511 million women who cannot read to know their rights. About 35% of women are subjected to physical and sexual violence. Add to about 1.65 billion women and girls who live on less than $ 2 a day. To teenage marriages in low- and middle-income countries 40% of girls marry before they reach 18 years, and the world is witnessing the marriage of a girl under the age of 15 every seven seconds, according to the BBC.

In addition, the death toll rises to 800 women a day as a result of complications of pregnancy or birth that can be avoided around the world. (14 million girls between the ages of 15 and 19 give birth), and the missing are about 100 million girls lost around the world, meaning that parents chose not to have children.

On the day the world celebrates their day, girls and children in general are still suffering from practices that deprive them of their right to live in dignity on the basis of the United Nations. There is still an opportunity to reflect on the progress achieved in achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women. Advocating for change and accelerating the courageous efforts of women and their extraordinary roles in the history of their countries and societies.

Accordingly, the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law calls upon the countries of the world to respect all international conventions relating to women and their rights, in particular the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which is the International Bill on the Rights of Women, On the empowerment of women and their full and equal participation in all aspects of society's life, including decision-making and access to power, and the explicit recognition of the right of all women to control all matters relating to their health, Those relating to reproduction and to take all necessary measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between women.
International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
Rania Haidar, Chairman of Central Information Authority