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The organization issues a report on World Children's Day

The world celebrates the twenty-ninth anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which affirms the basic rights of children everywhere, including emergencies. The Convention has been ratified in most parts of the world after it was unanimously adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations and entered into force in 1990. The Convention consists of a preamble and fifty-four articles and defines the child as every human being under the age of 18, it focuses on the following basic principles:

- The principle of non-discrimination between children Article 2 (because of sex, color, religion, political opinion, national, ethnic or social origin ...).

- Principle of best interests of the child Article 3 (In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private welfare institutions, courts, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, consideration shall be given to the best interests of the child.)

- The principle of the child's right to survival and development Article 6 (Every child has the right to life and development.)

- The principle of the right of the child to participate Article 12 (The right of the child to express his or her views freely in matters relating to him).

- The main part of the Convention, from article 1 to article 14, concerns the fundamental rights to which the child is entitled - civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights - and the measures to be taken to achieve those rights.

- Articles 42 to 54 relate to the mechanisms of the Convention for its broad dissemination among adults and children, as well as the establishment of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to the United Nations, the mechanisms of the work of the Committee and how to elect members. The work of the Committee is to monitor the implementation of the Convention and to submit periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention, which will be the first report within two years since the implementation of the Convention and then every five years.

Most countries of the third world have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child, but governments have placed reservations on three articles, namely article 14 on the right of the child to freedom of religion, thought and belief, and articles 20 and 21 on adoption. Governments have based on article 51, During the signing or ratification of certain articles as a result of their impossibility to apply or to disperse or differ from the socio-cultural reality or the religious and spiritual beliefs of society, although most Governments ratified the Optional Protocols with reference to the same reservations, The Convention on the Rights of the Child is mandatory for the States that have signed it, which has contributed to the failure to amend national laws in conformity with the general principles and articles of the Convention.

We note that some Governments have abrogated their reservations to articles 20-21 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Of course, nothing has changed in the laws on children in their countries since they signed and ratified the Convention.

While Article 1 of the Convention considers everyone under the age of 18 as a child, a universal, logical and humanitarian consideration in accordance with the evolution of increasingly complicated and complex life data, domestic laws in the majority of the Middle Eastern countries that adopt the age of majority at the age of 18 remain in many Of transactions, still exclude that age in the most serious and most needed for awareness and experience are marriage issues. Children can marry the protection of the law in most countries of the Middle East, and it is sufficient for the legislator to see "signs of puberty" in order to allow marriage.

Discrimination between male and female children is still present in all aspects of education according to the prevailing culture, and there is no concrete action to rebuild them in accordance with the vision of equality, and the differences between the privileged and the disadvantaged are evident, especially in schools.

There have been no significant changes to school curricula aimed at explaining and consolidating the concepts of the Convention and the dissemination of the culture of the rights of the child. Their circulation in information programs is incidental to any methodology, despite the fact that article 42 of the Convention emphasizes the need to do so.

Children in these countries continue to be the primary victims of the discriminatory nationality law, which deprives women of their basic right to grant their nationality to their children irrespective of the husband's nationality, and may remain anonymous if his father decides not to recognize him, without local courts adopting a “DNA” test to this date as a scientific evidence, and in contradiction with Article VII of the Convention.

As for the rule of "the best interest of the child", it is completely abolished in the local reality, in most countries of the Middle East, his opinion and interest in any of the conflicts between the father and mother is not taken, and he goes according to the provisions of the law to the incubator, May be inconsistent in this case or that with the text of the law, and even when custody is the mother's right, his interest is not taken into account, including his basic interest in adequate housing and adequate maintenance.

The phenomenon of violence against children in all its forms, from physical to economic and psychological violence, neglect and lack of care, to sexual violence in the family, school and street, in addition to sexual assault, has no precise figures for violence against children in these countries.

We at the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law adopt the United Nations logo for this occasion in 2018: "Children are taking over the task and turning the world into blue", in reference to its will to bring all the children of the world to school, safe from harm and capable of realizing their potentials and desires.

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) reported that more than 180 million children in 37 countries are living worse than their parents, and that one out of every 12 children worldwide suffers from "extreme" poverty, or not (21), due to conflicts in some countries with poor economic conditions of the population, and that the mortality rate due to violence among children under the age of 12, 19 years have risen in seven countries, in addition to other violations related to recruitment, rape, sexual slavery and others.

We in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law congratulate all the children of the world on this solemn occasion and express our full solidarity with all children who are victims of human rights violations, we have called upon the international community to work for the protection of children, the maintenance of their rights and the need to abide by the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989. This was preceded by many international conventions that recognized the rights of children in several countries. The international and regional conventions and protocols on the rights of the child are essential for the protection of the rights of children, including:

1. The right to have a name and nationality from the moment of birth. No child may be born without a name or nationality.
2. The child must enjoy the benefits of social security and be qualified for healthy growth.
3. Ensure their full right to food, health services and shelter, where States are committed to providing children with such services.
4. The child must enjoy the love and understanding of his family and therefore it is prohibited for the child to be prevented from his mother except in the special cases provided for in the domestic laws of the State.
5. The obligation of States to take care of children deprived of their families for any reason and to have a healthy birth that preserves their full rights.
6. The obligation of States to educate children by making education free for all, at least in primary school.
7. The obligation of States to protect children from cruelty, neglect and exploitation in all its forms, such as being forced to work or work in places that may endanger their health and life, which may impair their mental, moral and physical development. Children and their exploitation to protect their rights to upbringing.

Children's Day is the day of the children: the adornment and splendor of this life and the symbol of innocence, tenderness and future. Children will always be the most precious treasure in all societies and the real wealth on which the great hopes and the great national aspirations are built. It is not enough days or days of celebration. We are dealing seriously with the aspects related to our beloved children at all levels and levels, which puts us all in front of a serious challenge that requires careful and concerted efforts to find quick and effective solutions to address all the intellectual, cultural, societal and legal threats that have afflicted our dear children during the years of painful events that affected all the structures of society.

International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
Central Information Authority
Norway on 21/11/2018

The International Organization for Human Rights and International Law was established on 10 December 2016 as the "Monitor of the International Human Rights Network". On February 20, 2018, its constituent body met and the name was amended and re-published on behalf of the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law. In the Kingdom of Norway under No. Org Nr.917987025, is a non-governmental, non-political, neutral and non-profit international NGO concerned with the protection, promotion and defense of human rights.